Is Fighting Corruption Still on the Agenda? From Local Governments to the International Community
- Date: 10/24/2017 at 3:15 PM – 5:00 PM
- Location: IRES Library, Gamla torget 3 (3rd Floor), Uppsala
- Lecturer: Marina Makarova, Professor at the Department of Sociology, Udmurt State University (Izhevsk, Russia) & Jaroslav Dvorak, Associate Professor at the Department of Public Administration and Social Geography, Klaipeda University (Klaipeda, Lithuania)
- Organiser: The Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies (IRES) and Uppsala Forum on Democracy, Peace and Justice
- Contact person: Stella Marceta
You are kindly invited to attend a panel discussion on corruption in post-Soviet countries. Speakers are Marina Makarova (Professor, Udmurt State University in Izhevsk, Russia) and Jaroslav Dvorak (Associate Professor, Klaipeda University, Lithuania).
Awareness in society about the corrosive effects of corruption is growing. From the local and regional level to the global, corruption undermines democracy, human rights and the rule of law. In some if not all post-Soviet countries, independent anti-corruption organizations are often partially or completely different from those of national authorities. In authoritarian regimes, anti-corruption campaigns are frequently used in order to get rid of people that are not loyal to the political elites.
Furthermore, corruption increases social inequality and injustice, while also upsetting the balance of economic competition. At the same time, financial frauds and thefts are in a strict legal manner not always included in local and international definitions of corruption. What context is needed for these crimes to be labeled as "corruption"? What are the main lessons-learned from studying financial crime risks in the Baltic States’ local governments?
The emerging consensus is the following: Anti-corruption activities in countries with systemic corruption should be based on a long-term approach that is comprehensive. In order to be truly successful, they would benefit the support of international organizations. At the same time, the activities have to summon domestic social capital and public trust in order to confront corrupt elites. Is achieving this complex set of conditions truly realistic?
Marina Makarova is Professor at the Department of Sociology at Udmurt State University (Izhevsk, Russia). She was the Dean of the Faculty of Sociology and Philosophy for ten years. Her research interests include the sociology of education, social studies of corruption, and civil society. Makarova is currently conducting a comparative study of academic ethics and student cheating in different countries. Her research also focuses on anticorruption discourse and anticorruption activities of civil society organizations around the world, including Sweden, Russia, Germany, Poland, and Latvia.
Jaroslav Dvorak is Associate Professor at the Department of Public Administration and Social Geography at Klaipeda University (Lithuania) and has a longstanding research experience in public service delivery and performance evaluation of public organizations. Among other collaborations, Dvorak has participated as an expert in the preparation of feasibility studies within various Lithuanian public sector organizations. Dvorak has conducted research in Poland, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Lithuania, Belarus, Portugal, Spain and Australia on different issues relating to evaluation capacity building and evaluation methodology, assessment criteria, and regulatory impact assessment.